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11 July 2020Skin Care Top 100 Blogs
11 July 2020
Every reputable esthetician would never recommend their clients to attempt extractions at home. I mean, sure, if you want to royally mess up your face knock yourself out, but as an esthetician, I strongly advise against that.
A few things that are very likely to go wrong if you attempt extractions at home can be applying pressure in the wrong place, rupturing the pore wall, allowing for bacteria to spread to the surrounding pores, and even give yourself a long-term broken capillary that will remain visible on the skin until itâs removed through a procedure that involves a laser.
Oh, and not to mention the very possible infection that may occur if you donât follow up with adequate aftercare. What used to be a barely visible blackhead may turn into a full-blown infected cyst that will be both visible and painful, too.
But how else are you supposed to give yourself a facial at home without risking ruining your skin? Gee, you really need to look into skincare devices for home use.
One such device I want to talk about today is the Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device by a brand called Touch Beauty.
Touch Beauty sent me an email and asked if I would like to review their bestseller and introduce it to my audience.
Naturally, I was ecstatic, because as soon as I checked them out, I knew that this device wasnât messing around. This baby meant business!
I will say from the beginning that it is a very professional and modern gadget that can be used both at home and in a salon setting, and the high price tag really proves that.
Anyhow, after using the device two times a week for a couple of weeks, I am ready to talk about my experience and give you my detailed opinion on the Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device by Touch Beauty.What Is The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device?
The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device is a beauty tool that looks like a spatula and it is intended to be used as an exfoliator to help extract blackheads, gunk, and sebum that hasnât turned into a blackhead yet right out of your pores.
Additionally, the device can also be used to help your skin better absorb skincare products and it also helps give a temporary lifting effect due to the way itâs being used.
The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device is created by one of the best-known beauty device manufacturers and it truly is one of the coolest ultrasonic scrub devices Iâve personally seen on the market.
The facial spatula is a sleek, shiny, and stylish unit that has a touch interface, storage base unit, a cordless operation, and a ton of power to give amazing results.
A quick Google search also showed me that the ultrasonic device is the winner of a Good Design Award in Japan and it comes empowered with FDA registration.
That totally explains the entire luxurious feeling this gadget is designed to give you.
From its sleek appearance and design down to its function, the Ultrasonic Scrub Device is truly something that can deliver the results you only see from in-office treatments.Are Ultrasonic Scrub Devices Harming Your Pets?
Your pet can hear the noise ultrasonic scrub devices make a little louder than you can, but this isnât harmful or potentially dangerous for your petâs hearing.
I recently saw a YouTuber doing a review on an ultrasonic scrub device and someone in the comments in her video was very vocal about how these devices can be extremely harmful to dogs and cats and that it can cause your pets to panic and become upset and disoriented and yadda yadda yadda.
No! Ultrasonic scrub devices absolutely do not bother your pets and they donât have any negative effects on their hearing or their behavior for that matter.
In my opinion, the person was much more panicked about this misinformation than any pet might be if they are in the same room with you while youâre using an ultrasonic scrub device.How Does The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device Work?
The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device produces up to 26,000 ultrasonic vibrations per second that help to âshake upâ the pore, loosen the debris thatâs stuck inside and help scoop it out with the spatula.
This is a form of deep cleansing, exfoliating, and extracting packed in the same device and the best thing about it is that is totally painless.
To use the device, you need to double touch the power switch and adjust the vibration intensity according to your skinâs needs or whatever strength feels comfortable for you.
You can adjust the vibration intensity by simply sliding your finger up and down the front vertical bar.Using the Ultrasonic Scrub Device for blackhead removal
When using the Ultrasonic Scrub Device for blackhead extractions, you need to place the spatula blade on the skin at a 30Â° angle, apply gentle but constant pressure, and slowly move it on areas that need to be extracted.
Touch Beauty advises to always use the Ultrasonic Scrub Device on wet skin and while I can agree with this, Iâve been trained to use it a bit differently, which I am going to show and explain below.
Anyhow, the point is that you shouldnât use it on dry skin because this will most certainly make the device extremely difficult to glide on the surface and can lead to scratching, pinching, and skin damage.Using the Ultrasonic Scrub Device in nutrition mode
The nutrition mode basically means that you can flip the device and use it as a gentle massager on your skin after youâve applied your skincare products.
This will help your products absorb better into the skin, ultimately leading to more noticeable results and benefits.
Itâs pretty easy, huh?
That being said, this doesnât mean that the device is goof-proof and that you cannot mess up with it cause you totally can if you donât know how to use it.
So, I am going to go ahead and explain how to use an ultrasonic scrub device the right way so that you can extract blackheads, deeply cleanse your pores, and not risk any potential damage on the skin.How To Use The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device?
The active part of the ultrasonic scrub device comes protected with a silicone piece to prevent dust or any type of bacteria sticking to it.
Make sure to not lose this part because you donât want to leave your device unprotected, especially if you store it in your bathroom where the humidity is usually high.
High humidity is the ideal environment for bacteria to thrive and multiply.
The only thing you need to do to start the device is to lightly double-tap the area where the pointer is and the light will turn on.
Whatâs interesting with this device is that it has a touch interface and it doesnât have any buttons. Iâve used ultrasonic scrub devices before, but this one definitely takes the cake when it comes to the stylish and sleek design.
The vibration intensity can be easily adjusted by simply gliding your finger up and down the vertical bar. Always make sure to adjust the vibration intensity that feels comfortable to you.
The highest setting is the strongest, so I tend to use it on my cheeks to soften and extract blackheads in that area.
On the other hand, I use the lowest vibration setting for areas like the nose and around the nose.
A word of advice is to always be gentle when you are extracting in this area because you have tiny capillaries around the nose and these can easily break under strong pressure.
Once they break, they will become more visible on the surface of the skin and this is something that can only be treated with a laser procedure.
So donât forget to be veeeery gentle, especially in the area around your nose.Estheticianâs Pro Tip â Use the Ultrasonic Scrub to remove a mask
The way I personally use the ultrasonic scrub device on myself and on my clients is by applying an enzymatic peel mask under steam and letting it soften and open the pores.
I then use the spatula to gently scrape off the mask.
This will intensify the exfoliation and will leave your skin baby soft.
I typically use enzymatic peel mask because this is a lighter version of an acid mask that uses alpha hydroxy or beta hydroxy acids.
Here are two of my favorite enzymatic peel masks for home use:
If you have more sensitive skin and your skincare routine already consists of using exfoliating acids, you can opt for any hydrating mask you want, however, I highly recommend an enzymatic peel mask for maximum benefits.
If you choose to use an enzymatic peel mask, please avoid using exfoliating acid products in your skincare routine for the next 48 hours.Using the Ultrasonic Scrub with steam
The most important thing when using an ultrasonic scrub device is making sure that your skin is damp the entire time.
Another very efficient way to get the most benefits out of an ultrasonic scrub device is to steam your face so that the pores are softened.
Extraction is much easier when the pores are softened and your skin will be cleared out from all that unnecessary gunk stuck inside with very little pressure and irritation.
Make sure to gently glide the device over the curves of your nose, manipulating your nose with the opposite hand to create easier access.
Use one prong of the device to glide up the edge of the nostril and get into those hard to reach areas. Always make sure to move slowly and avoid doing more than 2-3 passes per area.
Itâs very normal that your skin will become red during this treatment, however, if this becomes extreme redness, burning, or discomfort, make sure to stop treating the area and move somewhere else with lighter pressure.
Once youâve finished your treatment, make sure to thoroughly clean the device with rubbing alcohol, especially focusing on the prongs and the area between them.
This will prevent bacteria from spreading and will prepare the ultrasonic device for your next use.How To Charge The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device?
The Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device comes equipped with a wireless charging base that can fully charge it in 4 hours.
Yup, I know this is a bit too long but once fully charged, the battery will last you for 1.5 hours, which is truly remarkable given that you wonât need longer than 10-15 minutes to complete a full facial.
And the fact that it is supposed to be used once or twice a week maximum, you will be charging this device no more often than once a month.
Thatâs quite impressive.
Also, what I really like is that the charging base is also intended to be used as a storage base so you can leave the device in your bathroom (ideally in an area where it wonât be accidentally sprayed with water) and always have it at handâs reach.What Comes Inside The Box?
Inside the box, you will find:
- Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device
- charging/storage base
- charging cord
- a soft cleaning cloth that I also love using to clean my glasses because it works better than any other cloth Iâve ever had
- a storage bag
- and instruction manual
Using the Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device isnât recommendable for just about anyone and as any other beauty device or skincare product, it has its own contraindications.
One important thing I want to point out is that you cannot use the Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device over active acne because this will inevitably lead to irritation, redness, and, depending on the severity of your acne, even bleeding, oozing, and overall extreme discomfort.
You donât need to go through all this and instead of using a skin spatula to extract and exfoliate, you are probably a better candidate for a chemical peel.
Additionally, the Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device comes with an instruction manual that advises against using the gadget if the following circumstances are applied to you:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding
- You have a condition called Bellâs palsy or commonly known as facial paralysis
- You have electronic devices implanted (i.e ICD or pacemaker)
- You are undergoing chemotherapy
- You carry ECG (electrocardiograph) or other fixed medical electronic machinery
Also, another thing I recently spotted in a Beauty Insider video on YouTube was that four people were testing this device in order to see how well it worked.
I personally donât like this. Itâs one thing to go to a professional and have a treatment done in a professional setting, but if you decide to purchase something like this for yourself, sharing it with someone else is generally a bad practice.Ultrasonic Scrub Device Pros:Final Thoughts
- Professional quality
- Customizable intensity option
- Strong vibrations
- Feels pleasant on the skin
- A variety of different ways it can be used (extracting blackheads and massaging products into the skin)
- Sleek design
- Touch operation
- Sharp edges for easy and efficient extracting
- Curved in the middle to access difficult-to-reach areas like the sides of the nose with ease
- Very pricey
- Using it while your hands are sweating can be a little tricky because itâs slippery
- Sharp edges (although effective) need to be manipulated with great caution
My final thoughts on the Touch Beauty Ultrasonic Exfoliating Scrub Device is that I love using this. Iâve been using skin spatulas for a very long time both on myself and in a professional setting and the result never fails to amaze me.
This is a professional and strong device that I can easily take at the salon with me and use it on clients. It is pricey though, which may be a little off-putting, however, I am someone that doesnât mind spending money on quality.
Something that I do mind is spending money on an expensive cleanser, for example, but I have no problem spending a lot on something that works, gives me excellent results that I love, and I can also use professionally.
Tell me your thoughts on ultrasonic scrub devices? Have you used them? Do you love them? Do you hate them? Letâs chit chat in the comments!
PS: Touch Beauty was nice enough to provide me with a discount code, so make sure to click this link and apply the code Simone Sydel for a $90 discount on your order.
This is not an affiliate link and I will not be earning a commission from your purchase.
My review is based on my opinion and experience with using the Ultrasonic Scrub Device.
11 July 2020
This week’s guest is one my own close spiritual teachers - is Holiness Radhanath Swami.
Radhanath Swami is one of today’s most beloved and respected spiritual teachers.
He spent his youth wandering through disparate countries and cultures yearning for an experience of truth; after finally meeting his spiritual teacher in India he has spent the last 50 years internalising that spiritual practice and sharing it with others.
He is not only a guide, but a community builder, activist, and a New York Times best-selling author.
Radhanath Swami’s message is as profound as it is simple: by cultivating a rich inner life of self-awareness and a genuine practice of service, we can become instruments of compassion and agents of sustainable change in the world.
10 July 2020
With many states mandating the use of face coverings by skin care practitioners as well...
The post How To Administer Professional Skin Treatments While Client’s Wear Face Coverings appeared first on Lydia Sarfati - Skin Care Blog.
10 July 2020Is the I’m From Fig Cleansing Balm any good?
Double cleansing is an essential part of my evening skincare routine. On most days, it’s just the necessary part I need to get done until I get to the fun stuff. But with the right products, you can start to unwind right from the cleansing step. Today, I want to share a review about the I’m From Fig Cleansing Balm by the K-Beauty brand I’m From with you, that just does that. The product was kindly gifted to me, but as always I’m sharing my honest opinion with you.What does it do?
The cleansing balm is from the most recent Fig Line from I’m From.Fig extract is an antioxidant, that helps to prevent waterloss, fades dark spots, improves skin texture and calm redness. The cleansing balm contains 7.8% fig and oil water to cleanse the skin gently and help against blackheads. This cleansing balms also contains vitamins and polyphenol to hydrate the skin and not dry it out during the cleansing process.
I’m From Fig Cleansing Balm, 30 $
Click on the arrow to see the full ingredient list as stated on the Wishtrend Website. Underlined ingredients are already explained in my skincare glossary.Ingredients of I’m From Fig Cleansing BalmHow Do I use it?
Cetyl Ethylhexanoate, Polyethylene, Synthetic Wax, Ficus carica (fig) Fruit Extract, Peg-10 Isostearate, Peg-20 Glyceryl Triisostearate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Fragrance, Sorbitan Sesquioleate, Caprylyl Glycol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Moringa Oleifera Seed Oil, Curcuma longa (turmeric) Root Extrac, Melia Azadirachta Flower Extract, Melia Azadirachta Leaf extract, Melia Azadirachta Bark Extract, Corallina Officinalis Extract, Ocimum Sanctum Leaf Extract
I use it as first step of my double cleansing routine in the evening. If you don’t know how double cleansing works, you can read about it here. The cleansing balm comes with its own small spatula, that fits inside of the packaging – so practical and hygienic! – and scoops out the balm nicely.Here you can see the small spatula.
I scoop out a small amount, maybe a quarter of a walnut, warm it up slightly in my hand and then I massage it onto my skin. Then I work it in for a bit and then I wash it off with luke-warm water, which takes everything off easily. Next is my water based cleanser to complete the cleansing process.Texture of I’m From Fig Cleansing balm
The balm is solid, but not hard. You can easily scoop out the product with a spatual. After warming it up slightly with your fingers, it melts effortlessly and creates a smooth, not too oily, not to grippy texture. It’s very relaxing and comfortable to massage around the face. It’s not runny, so nothing will get into your eyes, and it’s not too firm either, so you don’t have to drag your skin. When you wash it off with luke-warm water, it emulsifies and is easy to take off.Close-up of the texture. Effect of I’m From Fig cleansing balm
The cleansing balm is very effective at breaking up sunscreen and makeup. It helps to cleanse the skin effectively. If you take some time to massage it in around the nose, the blackheads appear less visible after the cleansing process. After cleansing my skin is clean and feels smooth, not dry or irritated at all. Overall, I really enjoy using this cleansing balm and tend to pick it whenever I want to take my time with skincare and really unwind. It doesn’t take long to cleanse your skin, but it’s very pleasant to keep massaging your skin for a bit.Do I recommend I’m From Fig cleansing balm?
Yes, I do recommend the I’m From Fig Cleansing Balm. I myself have acne prone combination skin, but I think it would be suitable for all skin types. It’s a little bit pricey but it will last for quite some time and gives your cleansing step an elevated experience while being gentle and effective. So, if you want to treat yourself, this is the cleansing balm to go for.Rating: 5 out of 5.Where to Shop?
You can buy the I’m from Fig Cleansing Balm on the Wishtrend website right here. I’m going to share reviews about the Fig Scrub Mask and Fig Essence next!
If you can’t afford to buy anything right now or you simply don’t need it, then don’t get anything. You’ll be fine – there’s always a next sale. Until then: Shop your stash and if you shop new, shop responsibly!
Like this blog post if you enjoyed it and folllow for more content like this!
10 July 2020
Hello! I am up with a review of scrub after ages! Okay I have finished this long back and now let’s get into the review of Pure By Priyanka Aloe Vera Scrub. About Pure by Priyanka This brand is founded by a very passionate lady Priyanka Sarna. Her curiosity and faith in DIYs and home [...]
10 July 2020
Are you struggling to decide on your next skincare purchase? Our handy quiz will help you figure out whether it should be an oil or a serum, and which one it should be for that matter!
Shop our oils and serums here and enjoy glowing, luminous skin no matter your needs!
Love, the Aurelia Team x
10 July 2020
Salicylic acid is my favorite ingredient in skincare products.
And while I tend to experiment with many salicylic acid products, I always go back to the ones I like most: Paula’s Choice BHAs.
I swear by these two and, so far, they are the best salicylic acid products Iâve found.
However, they are a little bit different from each other, and since I mentioned this in a Facebook group, a lot of people wanted to know the difference between them and how they would know which one is the right one for their concern.
Having used both, I decided to write an article where I will explain a little bit about the two products and the different skin concerns they are intended to help as well as compare their performance.
Here is my Paulaâs Choice CLEAR vs. PERFECTING 2% BHA comparison, but first, letâs have a little reminder:What Does Salicylic Acid Do To The Skin?
Salicylic acid is a chemical exfoliant that is oil-soluble, which means it can cut through the surface oil and penetrate deeper into the pores to clear out sebum, dead skin cells, and accumulated white blood cells.
This ingredient is mostly used in products intended for oily and problematic skin types because it has the ability to:
- soothe inflammation on the skin
- cut through the surface oil and deeply cleanse congested pores
- clear acne-breakouts
- dissolve blackheads
- soothe deeply inflamed cysts
Paulaâs Choice 2% Skin Perfecting BHA Liquid Exfoliant is an exfoliating solution marketed as a daily facial treatment that promises to treat acne, blackheads, enlarged pores, as well as provide an even skin tone and contribute to a smoother complexion.
Iâve seen a lot of people online saying this is a toner, however, itâs not. Exfoliating solutions such as this one is something you typically use after a toner, but you can skip a toner if you want to keep a more minimal routine.Ingredients
I just love it when there is a short and straight-to-the-point ingredient list!
Besides hydrating ingredients such as Methylpropanediol and Butylene Glycol, the two main superstar ingredients in this product are salicylic acid and green tea leaf extract, which is a powerful antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties.
Furthermore, according to this study from June of 2013, green tea extract showed to have a prolonged moisturizing effect, reduce skin roughness, as well as the ability to improve skin wrinkles.Consistency
The consistency of this product is slightly oily and overall very rich as you can hopefully see from the photo.
It coats the skin with a nice layer of hydration due to the big drop of Methylpropanediol, which is an excellent moisture magnet but a little heavier than hyaluronic acid, for example.
As soon as I applied it the first time I immediately got a little worried that it wonât work very well for me because my skin is already super-oily, therefore, I feared this rich texture will create that unnecessary layer of grease.
But that wasnât the case, however, there is a trick â a little goes a long way.
We sometimes get carried away with skincare products and we think that the more we apply â the more benefits we will receive, however, this is not a good way to go about any skincare product, and the BHA Liquid Exfoliant isnât an exception.
The skin is a semi-permeable organ which means it can only absorb very little product, therefore, the less you apply â the better it will absorb.Scent
Paulaâs Choice Skin Perfecting BHA Liquid Exfoliant has no added fragrance to it, however, it comes with a slight scent. Itâs not horrible but there is a slight âlaboratoryâ type of smell to it.Performance
This BHA is excellent and it gave me an overnight result.
I had a breakout on my forehead that consisted of a few smaller pimples and one slightly bigger, angry cyst towards my left temple so I decided it was the perfect time to put it to a test and see how this product will handle them.
While the breakout didnât get 100% clear the next morning, I was pleasantly surprised to see that the cyst was now a small pimple, while the small pimples on my forehead from the previous night were gone.
As for the pores, this didnât do a massive difference right off the bat, however, it made them look a little bit more refined than usual.
Also, I am not all that crazy about the effect it had on my blackheads. It managed to remove the several blackheads I had on my cheeks but it didnât do much for the ones on my nose.
Overall, I think this is a great product for both oily and dry skin types that experience occasional breakouts.
It has a rich texture, performs well (with minor shortcomings like not being able to remove blackheads on the nose), and it leaves the skin glowy, clear and moisturized.Paulaâs Choice BHA Liquid Exfoliant Pros:Where To Buy?
- Soothes the skin
- Makes small pimples disappear overnight
- Significantly minimizes huge and painful cysts
- Offers excellent hydration
- A very small amount needed for the entire face
- Comes in a travel-size
- Although it is a little pricey ($30 for 118ml)
- No pump on the bottle which makes it a bit awkward to use
- It has a slightly medicinal scent
- Didnât remove blackheads on my nose
You can purchase Paulaâs Choice BHA Liquid Exfoliant on the following sites:
Paulaâs Choice CLEAR Anti-Redness Exfoliating Solution 2% Salicylic Acid is the lighter version of her liquid exfoliants.
This particular product is a targeted treatment formulated for mild to moderate acne. It comes in two strengths (regular and extra strength) and the regular version is formulated with a slightly higher pH to be more gentle on the skin.
The soothing formula is also effective in calming acne-related redness.Ingredients
The Anti-Redness Exfoliating Solution contains salicylic acid as the main active ingredient followed by many hydrating, skin-soothing, and replenishing ingredients including pentylene glycol, butylene glycol, glycerin, sodium hyaluronate, allantoin, panthenol, and dipotassium glycyrrhizate.
Dipotassium glycyrrhizate is an especially interesting ingredient. This is the salt form of one of the main anti-inflammatory components in the licorice plant.
Licorice extract is an incredibly efficient skin-soothing, softening, and replenishing ingredient, however, this particular component is also used for its sebum-regulating benefits, making it a perfect option for oily/acne-prone skin.
I have never seen this ingredient in products that I personally use, so I was pleasantly surprised to learn more about it after seeing it in the anti-redness exfoliating solution.Consistency
The consistency of the Anti-Redness Exfoliating Solution is much lighter than the 2% BHA Liquid Exfoliant. The BHA Liquid Exfoliant has a richer, oilier consistency while the Anti-Redness solution is clear and light much like plain water.Scent
The Anti-Redness Exfoliating Solution doesnât have added fragrance, however, this one too has a slight scent to it.
Interestingly enough, itâs much less noticeable than the BHA Liquid Exfoliant, however, if you focus on noticing it, you will smell something.
Itâs very mild and it fades after a second.Performance
If I had to pick a favorite from the two, it would be the Anti-Redness Exfoliating Solution 2% Salicylic Acid. I use the regular version and it never fails to clear my breakouts by the next day.
Whatâs more, it also clears the embedded blackheads on my nose, something which the 2% BHA Liquid Exfoliant didnât do.
I also enjoy the lighter texture and the fact that it absorbs into the skin and it doesnât leave a film or a layer. Thereâs nothing visible on the surface of the skin after it dries out.
But, it does leave the skin a little bit dry, so I donât think this would be the best option for someone who has dry skin and occasional breakouts.
This is definitely more of an oily skin product and dry skins shouldnât experiment with it.
I found it a little bit drying for me, but it works amazingly well and because I have a great skincare routine that supports my skin, the initial dryness didnât bother me at all.
I always follow up with a hydrating serum and a moisturizer to compensate and bring my skin back to normal.PC Anti Redness Exfoliating Solution 2% Salicylic Acid Pros:Where To Buy?
- Lightweight, water-like consistency
- Doesnât leave an oily residue on the skin
- Potent salicylic acid product
- Comes in two strengths
- Clears breakouts quickly and efficiently
- Removes blackheads (including the deeply embedded ones on the nose)
- Amazing product for oily skin
- Decent price for what it offers
- Can be a bit drying
- Not suitable for dry skin types
- You need to have a great skincare routine, otherwise, it will dry out your skin
You can buy the Anti-Redness Exfoliating Solution with 2% Salicylic Acid on the following websites:
I love both of these products, however, I use them according to my skin needs because although they are both intended to do the same thing, they are not intended to be used under the same circumstances.
What do you think about my Paulaâs Choice CLEAR vs. PERFECTING 2% BHA comparison? Have you tried these two products? Which one did you like better? Drop me a comment below so we can chit-chat about it!
10 July 2020
“It really started as a love affair with hiking. I grew up in New England, outside of Boston, and went up to New Hampshire’s White Mountains pretty much every weekend with family and so on. Eventually ended up working for the Appalachian Mountain Club and running all up and down the mountains in there. And I think the first really sort of serious long-distance thing that I did was the Appalachian Mountain Club Hut Traverse back in, I think 1989.
That really makes me old. It’s about 54 miles and pretty much across the White Mountain National Forest. And it’s much more a speed hike than it was any sort of ultra run. But to put all that together was kind of a big deal at the time and it kind of opened my eyes a little bit to what’s possible.”
This episode of the Smart Athlete Podcast is brought to you by Solpri. If you’re active at all, whether you’re running or simply out walking for the day, you’ve probably experienced one of the number one problems that active people have, and that’s chafing. Solpri’s all-new, all-natural anti-chafe balm solves that problem while feeding your skin, the vital nutrients it needs to be healthy. If you’d like to stop chafing once and for all and treat your body right, go to Solpri.com to check out the anti-chafe balm today. And that’s S-O-L-P-R-I.com.
JESSE: Welcome to the Smart Athlete Podcast. I’m your host, Jesse Funk. My guest today is the head of college at Schumacher College in Devon, England. He’s a runner, he’s a lot of other things, but I don’t know that we can quite some of them all up with the credentials. Welcome to the show, Pavel Cenkl.
PAVEL: Yeah. Thanks, Jesse. It’s a real pleasure to be here. Thanks for inviting me. Looking forward to our conversation.
JESSE: So, I feel like as I’m trying to do the research on you before our conversation, so before every show, I’m looking into like– you have a blog. So, I’m trying to look through that and trying to unpack who you are. And just to be frank, having a very tough time trying to pigeonhole you, I guess, and know quite where to start. So, let’s just start with running because that’s the easy one. You’ve been running I think, for over 30 years now. So, you’ve got a decade on me. How did you get started running? Why has the love affair lasted so long?
PAVEL: Well, a great question. I would like you know, 30 years that’s being generous, I guess. But it makes me sound really old when you say it that way. Yeah. And hopefully, we’ll talk about age at some point because that’s becoming a greater interest of mine as I get older, so thinking about running as an older person, too. But it really started as a love affair with hiking. I grew up in New England, outside of Boston, and went up to New Hampshire’s White Mountains pretty much every weekend with family and so on.
Eventually ended up working for the Appalachian Mountain Club and running all up and down the mountains in there. And I think the first really sort of serious long-distance thing that I did was the Appalachian Mountain Club Hut Traverse back in, I think 1989. That really makes me old.
It’s about 54 miles and pretty much across the White Mountain National Forest. And it’s much more a speed hike than it was any sort of ultra run. But to put all that together was kind of a big deal at the time and it kind of opened my eyes a little bit to what’s possible; that you can go for 20 hours or so straight through the night and so on and what an experience that really is.
I didn’t really sign up for any races or start running really seriously until I got into my late 20s, early 30s even. And then didn’t start racing at any ultras until I think I was about 40. So, really kind of late to the game.
And again, I think it comes really through a long history of just hiking in different places and really experiencing mountains at sort of a faster pace, seeing how far we can go in a day, how many peaks we can do in a day. And then that sort of naturally evolves into, all right, well, let’s see if we can run 150 miles over a couple days, or let’s pick these really kind of obscure trails that not a lot of people do and see if we can run across those in some sort of relative speed. And that really opened up a window for me, starting in about 2013, 2014 when I started this climate run project that you referenced at the beginning.
That really started– It was a really a pivot point for me, in my professional career, in my teaching that I was doing at the time at Sterling College in Vermont. And then thinking about a way that serves my growing love for ultra running and racing and that sort of thing came together. And I was trying to find a way to really do something more meaningful for myself with that ambition and with that Passion. And I have been teaching environmental humanities, I’ve got degrees in English and American literature, and I’ve been teaching environmental writing environmental literature for many, many years. And I started teaching a bit in environmental philosophy as well.
And for me, the philosophy and the running actually really came together when I first started running these long distances across remote landscapes. And then to weave into that issues of climate change and ways that I might be able to leverage conversations about human impact on the environment, using some of these sort of, I guess, more notable runs that I’ve done that I can go out and do and then come back and give a presentation about and have your generative conversations about.
Well, so I went to this place and actually climate change is starkly visible here because of glacial melt and post-glacial isostatic rebound and all sorts of physical attributes as well as the impact of global warming climate change on indigenous communities and in northern Scandinavia, for example.
And then come back and begin to have conversations in the States or in England or wherever, about what–a little bit about what we can do, but also about how we can actually build more resilient relationships with the broader world through doing some of these action activities. Then that can lead to our being able to take care of our environment a bit more proactively. Yeah. So, there’s a lot there.
JESSE: Yeah, a lot to unpack. And that’s one of the things I was trying to unpack was how are you taking the runs, and I don’t mean this in a negative way, but are you doing anything with them? There are people that just go out and do those runs, but they’re not taking the run and the experiencing and trying to use it as a dialog to shape any kind of change.
It’s just a personal experience. It is kind of interesting that you mentioned seeing the impacts of climate change in these particular environments that it’s like, as I don’t know that I could call either a scientist, maybe you, but I don’t know that I’d call myself a scientist but a believer in science for sure. I think, and I’m kind of a mathematician by training. So, I believe the numbers so it’s enough for me to see the numbers and go obviously there’s a trend here that is abnormal.
But I think for the majority of people, it becomes especially pressuring when you can see it when it’s like okay, well we go to this environment and there were glaciers I don’t know, 20 meters high. And now they’re a foot.
PAVEL: Yeah, glaciers are perhaps the most obvious indicator. And so that’s why I was really drawn to those particular landscapes, Iceland, Northern Scandinavia, Svalbard because glacial recession, glacial melt back is a really quantifiable impact of global climate change and warming in that instance.
But I do want to pause just a bit and say that, well, it’s becoming much more visible just about everywhere. And it’s a matter of interpreting that data and that’s where your point about well, you believe in science. I think that there are a lot of people that choose to either ignore it or think about, well, this is a qualitative thing.
For example, here in Devon, we had the wettest winter in some 200 years. It basically rained from the day I arrived in October all the way through to march with very little respite. Lots of flooding all over the region. And then like a switch in March, we had the now sunniest spring in the last 100, 150 years. So, we went from being inundated and flooding to a drought situation pretty much overnight.
And it only just rains substantively the other day for the first time in, I don’t know, three months, ever since lockdown really started. And I mean, you scratch your head up that you say, “Oh, it’s an anomaly”, but you know, it’s a direct impact of climate systems around the world being changed in really dramatic ways.
So, it does drive that point home. But for me to be able to then make the– draw the thread between our experience here in these regions to places like Iceland and Svalbard and Norway. And Sweden is really interesting. Because for me, I look at Iceland for an example, right?
Right when I was doing the research, I researched the areas pretty extensively before going on these runs and find contacts there and talk to glaciologists and biologists, botanists, social scientists, etc. and effectively interview people either along the way or before and after just to create some context and learn a bit more about the landscape.
So, there was a study that came out in 2014, and I can share that with you, at some point when I find the link. But it’s the very first study that actually tied the melting of the glaciers, specifically with anthropogenic climate change. So, they were able to connect the dots in a way that nobody had before. And they published a map in 2014 of places where the land, the Earth’s crust was actually rising as a result of the glaciers receding, right. So, when the glacial recedes, you have this thing called isostatic rebound or post-glacial rebound where the crust in fact springs back.
And for me, that was really fascinating both on [??? 11:23] metaphoric level where you’re talking about the earth rebounding, as you’re running across it, it’s kind of something that you think about as a runner as well through this dynamic movement rebounding across the landscape. As well as there were places where that rebound was pretty dramatic; millimeters or even a couple centimeters over the course of a year.
You can almost if you’re really patient, sort of sit and watch the ground rise. And the fact that that was directly connected to anthropogenic climate change really struck me as being pretty profound. That literally what we do wherever in the world contributing to greenhouse gas emissions, has the impact that it melts many billions of tons of ice per year, and then that the literal crust of the earth is arising as a result of that.
To me to be able to make those threads and connections is really interesting and important. And then that’s been eye-opening for a lot of audiences that I’ve talked to as well. And then to take that a bit further and say, well, so what? Right. This is Iceland, [??? 12:30] island in the North Atlantic.
But you’ll recall back in 2010, they had a volcanic eruption there that actually stopped transatlantic commerce for quite some time because airplanes couldn’t fly because of the particulate matter in the air. That could happen much more frequently with this destabilization of the Earth’s crust. Right? So, again, I’m not a scientist in that respect, but to understand these processes and to recognize the real interconnectedness of the human systems, the economic systems, and the ecological ones; that for me was really an important piece to be able to bring back and to integrate into my teaching and into my presentation.
JESSE: I think kind of the two biggest hurdles in taking that information in approaching the ‘so what question’ to the masses are number one; how do you communicate the impact of a couple centimeters? ‘Cause out of context when you just say it’s a couple centimeters, well in the things that we measure in everyday life, it’s pretty small, you know? So, it’s like, you have to get to that some degree of scale and communicate that in some fashion. But then also, just getting to the point of overcoming both.
Well, overcoming people’s short term memory because we don’t have memories of 100 years ago, or sometimes even a decade ago. It’s hard to be like, well, what was the weather like? So, it’s like, you’ve got to get over that part two and show why it directly impacts this person living in nowhere Tennessee. They just don’t care if there’s like, kind of– I’ll go Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. It’s a little flawed, but it’s an okay model. And somebody’s concerned about where am I going to eat today? They’re definitely not super concerned about the climate is changing. It’s like, well, I need food.
PAVEL: Absolutely, absolutely. And to be clear, the couple centimeters of Earth’s crust rising is one metric in a really complex system. And most of the conversations I have around climate change, and these sorts of issues are about the complexity of the system. And that, in fact, that’s the thing we need to focus on. And not so much the individual metrics or indicators, but much more of the connections between nodes between the data sets, right. So, what are the relationships? How do we recognize that we are connected to these things even if it’s you have to jump several points to get there. Just to recognize that yeah, we are part of this much broader socio-ecological system. Right?
There’s a trio of courses that I taught right before I left Sterling College that were in effectively applications of environmental philosophy that really focused on this concept of posthumanism, right? And the idea that, what would the world look like? And how would we talk about it differently if we recognize we weren’t really at the center of everything? And it seems like an obvious thing for the two of us to say, it’s like, yeah, well, of course, we’re– it’s a complicated system.
But if you actually think about that, and model various, like economic systems or educational systems with that in mind, then it dramatically changes everything. Right? And to get people to see that in fact, yeah, it’s one really complicated interwoven, messy, sometimes really, not very pretty web, then yeah, that’s really what I’m hoping that people take away from this. Like, yeah, it’s all a mess, but we’re apart of that mess, it’s not over here, it’s part of us.
JESSE: I think part of the issue in communicating that is almost just our limited ability to understand. I think we can say, pretty definitively, we are the, if not one of the most intelligent animals on the planet, certainly the best tool creators. And so I think, as humans, we hold ourselves a pretty high regard. And I do think– [crosstalk] Do what?
PAVEL: For better or for worse, I think.
JESSE: Right For better or for worse. But because of that, I think that also leaves a blind spot where it’s like, well, right now say we’re beginning to understand these complex systems and trying to break them down and it’ll take some time and teams of people.
And by teams, I mean, hundreds or thousands and gathering data. But it’s like you have this idea of, well, it’s always been this way; our behavior, our way of thinking. So, why would it be any different? And no matter what it changes to, people still seem to settle back into that; this is the way it’s always been.
PAVEL: It hasn’t always been, right. We’ve undergone a massive evolution even if you think about the start of the industrial era, or even before that. It’s this argument that goes on, it’s like when did climate change actually start? And I’m not that interested in identifying a particular date or part of a century or when that began because I think it’s been a long, slow evolution.
And I would say that it’s not so much a matter of going back to anywhere like back to a time before greenhouse gases or some sort of idyllic Jeffersonian agricultural utopia. I don’t think that’s really what we’re looking for either because that’s not possible, right. We can only move forward. So, for me, it’s figuring out– I mean, it’s interesting.
Before I went to Iceland for that first long run I started thinking, well, I want to get some corporate sponsors and think about, well, this is going to be all about helping athletes make better decisions about the products that they use, and maybe we can leverage some changes and some manufacturing processes or some distribution networks or something like that, to lessen the impact that athletes themselves are having on the– And I very quickly realized, I think, through my personal experience, that it was much less about that for me. Those are also important things and absolutely, we need to follow through on being as light as we can.
I mean, it was much more about once you’re out in the midst of nowhere, I mean it’s not nowhere but way up there and have effectively sort of opened yourself up to the world around you in a way that if you’re pushing your body and to such an extent run running 50K or 15 miles or more per day, you’ve opened up a vulnerability to the weather, to the amount of daylight, to your own body and potential injuries, that sort of thing. You really, I feel I’m laying myself bare to that environment.
And in those moments and I can even pinpoint really specific moments where I’ve had this sort of awareness of this happening, you really feel that the boundaries between the self and the more than human world are beginning to blur. And in that moment of vulnerability, I think we can build really serious resilience in our ability to build relationships across that boundary, right.
And so if we think about these really complex systems and as you’re talking about how we get people to care about that, if that’s not the first thing on their mind, I think the first thing on a lot of people’s mind is sort of themselves and their relationship to the world around them. Right?
And so if I can use even these talking about these really complicated things and some vocabulary that people might not immediately get and all these esoteric data sets, it’s really about one person in a landscape sort of reflecting on their relationship with that place and how the physical or the physical exertion or the movement across that landscape helps open up pathways into building more resilient relationships. And I think we can do that anywhere, anytime. It’s just a matter of intention and having the right, sort of the opportunity and you being able to open one’s eyes to those opportunities.
JESSE: You had said and I think I’ve read this on your blog too the phrase of more than human experience. I think I’m saying that right. And that really, even as I read that it just kind of jarred my head. And I mean, I feel like between the two of us, you especially, or probably more than me know the power of words and how certain words are evocative words like with again, without context. When you think about that you’re like, what does that mean? Are we talking about a spiritual plane and your brain or at least my brain tries to go into these explanations.
But it’s like, well, no, it’s just like it’s the world around us that it’s not human. Like all the things that aren’t us, and obviously I’m guilty of this. Even my own brain is like, it’s me, this is my world, this is my show. But I think that’s a great phrase to open a conversation about everything that’s going on because it is so jarring. Like what are you talking about more than human-like? We’re it.
PAVEL: That’s right. It’s that shift of perspective and it’s a pretty deliberate turn of phrase and sometimes I stumble over it because you know, it doesn’t roll off the tongue quite as easily. But you know deliberately different from humans in their environment or humans in nature, or even human and non-human because that sets up this binary opposition of here we are on one side and here’s the non-human on the other.
And I think it’s vitally important to think about we are actually part of this more than human network, right? We’re part of this, you know, what many people call the socio-ecological system and network. And realizing that I think is one big step. forward to helping to address issues like climate change, even if they don’t feel immediately tangible.
JESSE: So, so far you started doing climate run, was it 2014, is that what you said?
PAVEL: [??? 23:25] yeah.
JESSE: So, I’m right then. So, what kind of reception have you gotten so far from people?
PAVEL: I think it’s quite positive. Yeah. So, it’s been– it comes in waves, right? Because I went to Iceland then I came back and I gave a lot of presentations there. Based in Vermont, I was invited out as far as Ohio and as far south as North Carolina to give talks to various groups. And then that happened once again after I went on the next trip and then again after the next trip and so on.
And I’ve given talks to really pretty any, you name the type of constituency, whether it’s a small group at a local outdoor shop or it’s a group, there was, I think, three or 400 middle school girls at a private school in Ohio that I talked to about her building personal resilience through athletics.
And that really resonated super well because think about that age and gender and sort of dealing with all sorts of issues of athletics and body image and some communities and building resilience so that worked out really well. It’s just slightly different talk, right, a different conversation.
But always the entry into it is like hey, look at this cool place I went to and you know beautiful pictures and videos and great stories of, you know me almost drowning during a river crossing or falling through the ice over here and all these really cool stories that really grip people. And then that’s the entry into having the conversation you need to have. And so what I hope to do, right, is to continue these for a bit longer.
I’ve begun writing a book, some of it, I think I published a couple of excerpts on the blog. And you know, tentative title is Running North, but that’s probably going to change. I think that’s a bit vague. But really it’s going to get at sort of this interweaving of philosophy, climate change awareness, and running and think about how to tell that story in sort of the best possible way.
But again, it’s not just a story of “Hey, Pavel goes running and I hear these cool stories”, but that those are the entry into Some deeper conversations about some of the issues we’re talking about here.
JESSE: I’m kind of thinking about the dichotomy of we’re talking about trying to get beyond our own egos to see all of the complex systems around us. And again, I mean this in a loving way, but then also the idea that you’re just one guy who has some notion that okay, I’m gonna go make an impact, just me.
So, it’s like both this interesting dichotomy of we need to look beyond ourselves yet, I also have to take it upon myself if nobody else is going to do it to get this conversation started and try to impact people.
PAVEL: Right. And again, I’m one of many people who are doing this kind [??? 26:44] this thing but this sort of thing, right. So, I don’t hold myself up to be any sort of special case. But trying to do my part in a way. But the dichotomy you talk about is really interesting because we have, for better or for worse again, this narrative of the lone explorer going out into the landscape.
And whether it’s going to the north pole or climbing Everest or running a couple hundred miles. That is kind of a cultural Western motif that this is what we do. And so I’m always conscious of that and thinking about well, okay, so am I being a complete hypocrite by coming out here?
And I’ve had some of those conversations, right. People have said in the past, “Well, why is it that you’re taking a flight to Scandinavia to run a couple of miles so you can come back here and then tell us all about climate change? Aren’t you contributing to the problem?” And it’s like well, honestly, we’re all contributing to the problem really by living in the societies that we live in.
And it’s not an excuse, but I think we need to be..
10 July 2020
While other anti-aging serums drift in and out of favor our
Vitamin C serumsare legendary for a reason: they work. Uneven skin pigmentation, rough texture, fine lines, acne scars and just general dullness are just a few concerns where Vitamin C can make a big improvement. How does this ingredient work so fantastically for your skin? Are the brighter, smoother results due to the same potent antioxidants found in orange juice?First off, What is Vitamin C?
As far as your skin is concerned; Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that can neutralize free radicals that damage the molecular structure of skin cells. Free radicals are infamous âskin agers.â Because of its antioxidant properties, Vitamin C aids in your skinâs natural regeneration process, which helps your body repair these damaged skin cells. In the same way that consuming antioxidant rich foods helps your body in fighting off free radicals, topical antioxidants do the same for your skin by helping to offset daily aggressors like UV damage and exposure to air pollution. While weâre not sure just how much of the Vitamin C you ingest really gets to your skin, we do know that you can get up to 60% of your Vitamin C requirements via a goodHow else does Vitamin C benefit the skin?
Amazingly, Vitamin Câs skin-saving benefits arenât limited to its antioxidant abilities. It has plenty of other skin-healing properties that make it worthy of a permanent place in your medicine cabinet. For one, because itâs highly acidic, when vitamin C is used topically the skin is triggered to heal itself by accelerating the production of collagen and elastin. Collagen and elastin are naturally occurring protein fibers that keep skin plump and firm. So, in helping to promote collagen production topical Vitamin C can help prevent premature aging of the skin.
Another cool thing about this ingredient: It contains a property that inhibits your skinâs melanin production, which is what causes skin discolorations like dark spots and hyperpigmentation. With continued topical use, Vitamin C can even help prevent dark spots from forming in the first place. Vitamin C is a superior brightening agent that works to fade brown spots without altering normal skin pigmentation. I have used ourHow should you add Vitamin C into your daily skin-care routine?
Dermatologists and estheticians agree, the best Vitamin C skin-care product to use is a serum. Serums are more effective than creams or toners because they have higher concentrations of actives and better delivery systems to get the product to the deeper layers of the skin where they are needed. Moreover, adding Vitamin E into the mix is like a one-two punch of skin-saving goodness. Known to be synergistic in their effects, Vitamin C recycles Vitamin E as an antioxidant, increasing Vitamin Eâs free radical-scavenging effects fifty times normal. These vitamins also help prevent sebum oxidation, working together to reduce and prevent blackheads and clogged pores.
Many companies tout L-Ascorbic acid as the preferred form of Vitamin C in formulations. Though L-Ascorbic Acid is easily identified by cells, it is very unstable. Have you ever purchased a Vitamin C serum where it looked clear when you first purchased it, but in only a few short weeks the formula turns amber or brown. Thatâs the Vitamin C oxidizing right in the bottle. Free radicals in the air have disabled the Vitamin C and made it inactive. Even more troubling is the fact that these free radicals could be introduced onto your skin and create more damage. The forms of Vitamin C we prefer to use are the ester versions of the vitamin. That means they need a chemical reaction to convert into L-Ascorbic Acid. They remain just one step away from L-Ascorbic Acid until you apply it to your skin. As the conversion occurs fresh Vitamin C can now perform its magic.
For best results,
Oh, about the orange juice thing. The problem with orange juice is that by the time itâs been processed, arrives at the store and comes home with you most of the Vitamin C has dissipated. All youâre left with is a sugary drink thatâs sure to spike insulin. Youâre much better off eating fresh fruits and veggies. Some fruits and veggies that contain more vitamin C than oranges are bell peppers, kale, broccoli and kiwi. Start with a good diet that contains a healthy dose of Vitamin C and supplement with a Vitamin C serum for the enduring longevity for your skin.
10 July 2020
We have previously talked about Exfoliation. You cannot moisturize away dead, dull skin to make it brighter. Dead skin looks flaky, dull, and lifeless, even when you are careful to moisturize daily.
Exfoliation is key to a brighter complexion, but you must remember to find the right exfoliation method for your skin type. Over exfoliation can trigger hyper-pigmentation in certain skin types and make you more susceptible to UV damage from the sun. Most skin types can tolerate an
Keeping Your Cool??
Yes, it’s been found that heat can trigger pigmentation changes. Heat triggers a memory in the skin that revs up melanin (pigment) production in areas that have previously been affected by hormone changes or the sun. So, if you’re wondering why after being so careful with applying your sunscreen, you may still be getting tanned or uneven spots this could be the answer. Staying cool really helps. If it’s possible, pack up some
Be doubly careful if you have post menopausal skin. Heat plus hormone changes equals pigmentation. Before menopause much of this pigmentation is suppressed because estrogen is a natural anti-inflammatory. Since inflammation is a cause for hyperpigmentation, when estrogen wanes you are more likely to trigger sensitivities and more likely to experience age spots and mottled pigmentation. These spots may have their origins from damage that occurred decades before they actually show up on your skin.
Beyond exfoliation and keeping cool,
Many dermatologists. recommend hydroquinone as a skin brightener. While hydroquinone can brighten the skin there are a few reasons not to use it. First of all hydroquinone can cause increased hyperpigmentation by causing a rebound effect after using it for a while. It can be irritating to the skin and has been banned in the E.U. because it contains carcinogens. You may want to try natural botanical brighteners instead.
Licorice Root contains two ingredients that help with pigmentation: glabridin and liquiritin. Glabridin helps to retrain tyrosinase, an enzyme that produces melanin which leads to pigmentation. Liquiritin helps to break up and remove melanin pigmentation.
In addition to helping with dark spots, licorice can be soothing and help even out your skin tone.
,This is a natural but powerful brightening agent derived from the mulberry plant. Mulberry plants have several compounds that have been extracted from both roots and stems with known abilities to block tyrosinase, the enzyme involved in the production of the skin pigment melanin.,Calming the skin.
This is very important. To brighten the skin and deal with unwanted pigmentation changes try eating foods that contain high amounts of polyphenols. Polyphenols are a type of antioxidant that specifically calms inflammation. Polyphenols ,address the appearance of age spots, sun spots, and liver spots – the dark spots that give your skin a blotchy, uneven tone, and can make you look much older. Look for superfruits such as Acai Berries, Gogi Fruit, Noni Fruit, Mangosteen, Pomegranate and Coffee Berry. These rank among the most powerful using the natural antioxidant grading system. ,A concentrated
This is one of my favorite ingredients because it has so many positive qualities. It can be used to fade age spots and lighten discolorations. It’s effective because it decreases the amount of melanin that gets transferred from pigment producing cells (melanocytes) to other skin cells by more than half. It doesn’t stop the production of melanin, but it does reduce the amount that is transferred to the skin. What’s more, it is extremely stable and not affected by heat or light like other chemical ingredients. Niacinamide is a very calming ingredient which is often recommended for sensitive and rosacea prone skin. It boosts energy to help with DNA repair and increases microcirculation which is another cause for dullness.
Setting aside dead cells and accumulated pigmentation, other reasons your skin my look dull is poor circulation and lack of skin energy As I just mentioned,In a nutshell
Let’s circle back to sunscreen. Much of the prevention aspect of reducing dullness in the skin comes from prevention. So protect your skin with sunscreen every day, use Vitamin C daily to arm yourself with strong antioxidants against environmental agers. Lighten pigmentation with botanical brighteners at night and fortify your skin by incorporating the effective metabolism boosters that repair and also keeps inflammation in check. Although some of us are not as easily effected by dullness and pigmentation remember, “An ounce of prevention...”